Researchers to simulate impact of earthquakes

19 December 2014

University of Canterbury experts will next year use its BlueFern computer to simulate what happened under the ground during the Canterbury earthquakes.

Researchers to simulate impact of earthquakes

Associate Professor Brendon Bradley

University of Canterbury experts will next year use its BlueFern computer to simulate what happened under the ground during the Canterbury earthquakes.  

Civil engineer Associate Professor Brendon Bradley says the aim is to use advanced simulation methods to understand the way in which seismic waves radiated from the earthquakes across the Canterbury Plains and interacted with liquefiable soils near the surface that caused significant damage.  

"We want to understand the relative contribution of the wave propagation in rocks deep beneath the Canterbury region, or the soft liquefiable soils beneath Christchurch, that were the predominant cause of the extreme levels of ground shaking." 

His research will have a national and international impact in the assessment and mitigation of earthquake hazards in major cities.

Professor Bradley has spearheaded vital research following the earthquakes and was recently named the New Zealand Young Engineer of the Year at the national Engineering Excellence Awards.

He has led a study on prediction models, re-evaluating Christchurch’s seismic hazards, documenting the behaviour of engineered structures and quantifying seismic design loadings for the rebuild.

Professor Bradley’s work is providing guidance in the way people think about earthquake resistance in a seismically active environment. His work is an example of the way engineers shape the world and make it safer and sustainable.

He is considered an international research leader in several emerging fields of earthquake engineering and has been a member of the New Zealand reconnaissance teams for overseas natural disasters including the 2009 Samoan tsunami and 2011 Japan earthquake.

"We expect this research will provide a significantly different perspective on previous work in this area by making use of high computing resources and also will establish research in this area in New Zealand

"We are also examining the impacts of topographic effects which occurred in Christchurch’s Port Hills and produced large shaking and slope instability that resulted in red zoning of residential areas. This is not just of interest for Christchurch. The impact and consequences will be likely greater in future earthquakes in the Wellington region, for example, where a significantly greater portion of the urban area occurs in topographically irregular terrain."

He has investigated the development of seismic hazard analysis and design ground motions for Lyttelton Port of Christchurch, and provided expert input for projects including the Christchurch Justice Precinct and the redevelopment of Christchurch Hospital.

Last year, Professor Bradley received $800,000 of Rutherford Discovery Fellowship research funding to investigate the mysteries of unresolved ground motion and geotechnical case-histories from the 2010 and 2011 earthquakes.

He is applying world-leading research expertise to understand severe ground motions in the Christchurch urban area and extensive liquefaction and damage to structures and infrastructure. 

Earlier this year he became the first New Zealander to receive the Shamsher Prakash Foundation Research Award, given annually to an engineer, scientist or researcher from anywhere in the world under the age of 40.

 

For further information please contact:
Kip Brook
Media Consultant
Student Services and Communications 
University of Canterbury
Ph: (03) 364 3325
Mobile: 027 5030 168
kip.brook@canterbury.ac.nz

GeoffRice_NWS_block

Black Flu book asks ‘could it happen again?’

The lessons of the 1918 influenza pandemic could help inform planning for a future pandemic in New Zealand, according to historian Dr Geoffrey Rice.

Karen Healey

Kiwi author Kickstarts fantasy novel

University of Canterbury Writer in Residence Karen Healey is kickstarting her new novel in a novel way.